Blackjack Tables

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The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole cardwhich the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack. Casinos generally compensate by tightening other rules in games with fewer decks, in order to preserve the house edge or discourage play altogether.

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Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager. Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice. Each game has a rule about whether the dealer must hit or stand on soft 17, which is generally printed on the table surface.

After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money", and paid out immediately, before the dealer's hand is resolved; the players do not need to place more chips for the insurance wager. Take no more cards, also known as "stand pat", "stick", or "stay".

The following table illustrates the mathematical effect on the house edge of the number of decks, by considering games with various deck counts under the following ruleset: Surrender only available as first decision of a hand: Non-controlling players may follow the controlling player by putting down an additional bet or decline to do so, instead associating their existing wager with one of the two post-split hands.

After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. The loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through ignorance is generally expected to be greater. That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting. In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.

The player then plays out the two separate hands in turn; except for a few restrictions, the hands are treated as independent new hands, with the player winning or losing their wager separately for each hand.

The increase in house edge per unit increase in the number of decks is most dramatic when comparing the single deck game to the two-deck game, and becomes progressively smaller as more decks are added. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".

However, usually all value cards are treated the same. In that case they must choose which hand to play behind before the second cards are drawn. Number of decks All things being equal, using fewer decks decreases the house edge.

Bets to insure against blackjack are slightly less likely to be advantageous than insurance bets in general, since the ten in the player's blackjack makes it less likely that the dealer has blackjack too. The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders.

The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers. Slide cards under chips in handheld games ; wave hand horizontally in games dealt face up.

An ace and any combination of 6. In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands. Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a chance of one in three of being a ten.

The additional bet is placed in the betting box next to the original bet. Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. Non-controlling players may double their wager or decline to do so, but they are bound by the controlling player's decision to take only one card.

The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.

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It is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet. The request to surrender is made verbally, there being no standard hand signal. It also reflects a decreased likelihood of blackjack-blackjack push in a game with fewer decks.

At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.

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Take another card from the dealer. Some casinos do not give non-controlling players this option, and require that the wager of a player not electing to split remains with the first of the two post-split hands. The rules of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request.

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Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box. In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there are just 2 player hands exposed, and neither of their two initial cards is a ten, then 16 in 47 of the remaining cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a good bet.

Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Over variations of blackjack have been documented. Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available.

Player decisions[ edit ] "Doubling Down" redirects here. However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variationthey might choose to pay for this. Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together.

Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's shoeor from a shuffling machine. The dealer separates the two cards and draws an additional card on each, placing one bet with each hand. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender".

When offering single deck blackjack games, casinos are more likely to disallow doubling on soft hands or after splitting, to restrict resplitting, require higher minimum bets, and to pay the player less than 3: Scrape cards against table in handheld games ; tap the table with finger or wave hand toward body in games dealt face up.

The third card is placed at right angles to signify that the player cannot receive any more cards. Doubling and further splitting of post-split hands may be restricted, and an ace and ten value card after a split are counted as a non-blackjack Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than westside casino In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence.

Occasionally, in the case of ten-valued cards, some casinos allow splitting only when the cards have the identical ranks; for instance, a hand of may be split, but not one of king. Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.

Substituting an "H17" rule with an "S17" rule in a game benefits the player, decreasing the house edge by about 0. Wins are paid out at 1: Dealer hits soft 17 A "soft 17" in blackjack.

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The advantage of the dealer's position in blackjack relative to the player comes from the fact that if the player busts, the player loses, regardless of whether the dealer subsequently busts. When the player surrenders, the house takes half the player's bet and returns the other half to the player; this terminates the player's interest in the hand. If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win.

On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card"stand" end their turn"double" double wager, take a single card and finish"split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game. On reaching 21 including soft 21the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.

The variation where the dealer must hit soft 17 is abbreviated "H17" in blackjack literature, with "S17" used for the stand-on-soft variation. The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games.

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If the first two cards of a hand have the same value, the player can split them into two hands, by moving a second bet equal to the first into an area outside the betting box. Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they commit themselves to winning an amount exactly equal to their main wager, regardless of the dealer's outcome.

Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card. This mainly reflects an increased likelihood of player blackjack, since if the players draws a ten on their first card, the subsequent probability of drawing an ace is higher with fewer decks. Place additional chips next to the original bet outside the betting box; point with two fingers spread into a V formation.

Some games offer the option to "surrender" directly after the dealer has checked for blackjack see below for variations. After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace, or "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.

Dealer's hand revealed Bets settled At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing tabac blackjack briancon from behind a semicircular table. Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.